Rural electrification

Rural electrification

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

Rural electrification is the electricity supply in rural area by an autonomous generator (not connected to electrical network), also called decentralized electrification.

There are several types :

  • Fossil-fuel or natural fuel generator
  • PV panels
  • Domestic wind turbine
  • Hydroelectric turbine
  • Fuel cells
  • Rural electrification by cogeneration

In tropical areas, PV panels can be enough but it's always better to add a multi-KWc system to a generator or to another source of power because a lack of sun during several days or a breakdown is possible.

In colder areas, northern or southern tropics, it is interesting to use both PV panels and cogeneration wich can produce heating in winter as well as electricity.

We talk about hybrid installation when several generators are used together for one network.

These installations work most of the time with batteries, except for example in the case of solar pumping.

Batteries are not car batteries. They are adapted to cyclical applications.